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Oil Stained Tears

Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)


Have you heard about the thousands of people in Ecuador that have, and are still developing and dying from cancer, and other chronic illnesses? These are the same people living in or around oil towns. The same people whose water has been polluted with over 18.5 billion liters of formation water that is highly toxic. It's an issue in a little country that nobody really acknowledges. The rest of the world doesn't acknowledge that beautiful, diverse forests are being cut down, towns are being built, water is being contaminated, and people and animals are dying. Ecuador contains some of the most biodiversity areas of rainforest in the world, a big oil reserve right under it, and some of the few amazing original uncontacted cultures left in the world. One of these being the Yasuni National Park. I have personally experienced, and spent time in these forests, and with these people and learned about their cultures. I have also had personal experiences with people in areas that have had oil contamination affect them and/or their family members’ lives greatly. I felt the connection the people of the Yasuni felt with the environment around us. It's a beautiful thing to think of how they know the forest like the back of their hand, how they can identify every plant and animal at a glance, and how they can mock the noises of the animals to communicate with them. It is terrible to think of how this beautiful place and the beautiful people could soon be dying from the effects of oil drilling that is soon to be happening and how just because they are a small country, without any true enforcement of protection of the people, and without a loud voice, it's okay to destroy everything. We realize that even small things, or the beginning of the process of the destruction, like a helicopter flying over, can disrupt the environment. A helicopter flew over the forest while we enjoyed our fifth hour in a ten person canoe, watching the monkeys jump from tree to tree, as our friend Abel, was communicating with them. The minute the noise of a helicopter was able to be heard, the monkeys, birds, butterflies, and all other animals went away. They stopped communicating, they stopped moving and the forest was silent. It was depressing. The thriving forest sounded and appeared empty. The realization that something so small as noise pollution made such a big impact hit me. I could just imagine what this rainforest would turn into after they started cutting roads, building towns, and drilling for oil. It would completely drive the animals off. With the direct pollution from these facilities, noise pollution from the drills, workers traveling, and towns being constructed, the forest would change drastically. The unknown noises are already starting to scare off some animals. The oil spills, that are going to happen, especially with an oil company like PetroEcuador who has a reputation for making large messes, they are going to contaminate water, and harm the people and the animals. The beautiful rainforest that I have once visited is going to become a poor, dirty oil town, where the only benefit here is for the big oil companies.

The people of a small country like Ecuador deserve the right to be heard. The biodiversity of the rainforest deserves to contain life. We need to be aware that even the small things people are doing before they go and contaminate the ecosystem are making a big impact. Walk into the forest without any cars, or machines. Look around. Enjoy the world. Then come in with your machines, and cars and make a lot of noise and look around. Realize there is nothing there. Realize that if you continue the process that there really will be nothing there. You are already killing the forest by bringing in your noise pollution. Imagine what you are going to do it when you've contaminated their waters, and animals are dying, people are getting cancer. Imagine what you can do to stop it. It may be a small thing you are doing, but it makes a big difference.

by Jillian Welch


Manifest von YASunidos

Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)

Manifest von YASunidos

Für das Leben und die Würde

Unterstützung des Nationalstreiks

Von Seiten des Kollektivs YASunidos bekunden wir unser Engagement für die biodiverse und partizipative Demokratie und für jede Form von Empowerment.

Aus diesem Grund unterstützen wir – angesichts eines sich verfestigenden autoritären Staates, der soziale Organisationen verfolgt, sozialen Protest kriminalisiert und einem Extraktivimus Vorrang gibt, der indigene Völker beeinträchtigt und mit dem Ethnozid bedroht – den für den 13. August im ganzen Land ausgerufenen Streik und den Marsch.

Gleichzeitig bekräftigen wir, dass der Kampf um den und die Verteidigung des Yasuni kein reines Umweltthema ist, sondern eng verknüpft ist mit sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Herausforderungen.

Die Rechte der Natur sind immer verbunden mit Menschenrechten, dementsprechend ist es unmöglich, sich mitten in einer Atmosphäre von Repression und Kriminalisierung über diese Rechte auszutauschen.

Hiermit verurteilen wir öffentlich die Verletzung unserer Würde und der vieler anderer sozialer Kämpfer. So bestärkt uns der nahezu gesicherte Überwachungsvorfall, der die Rechte von mehreren Aktiven unseres Kollektivs verletzt, heute mehr als je zuvor, uns mit den sozialen Organisationen zusammen zu schließen, die seit langem und legitimerweise die Rechte der Verletzlichen des Volkes verteidigen.

Wir identifizieren uns mit den Forderungen der sozialen Bewegungen, die in der aktuellen Mobilisierung und im Streik vorgebracht werden, und fühlen uns ihnen verpflichtet.

Ganz eindeutig stehen wir mit unserem Kampf ein für das Leben in all seinen Aspekten, für die Diversität der Ideale und der Träume, die weit mehr sind als Utopien. Sie sind Handlungen, die wir friedlich, würdig und deutlich vorantreiben.


Dresden is YASunidos, too

Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)

By Jonas Seufert


The room is full to the last seat as Alberto Acosta enters the stage. At the wall, people sit on the floor, another row was improvised directly in front of the stage. Around 250 have come to the 'Hygiene-Museum' in Dresden in order to learn about the Buen Vivir by one of its best-known political representatives.

'Grupo Sal' is in charge of the framework program for the night, a band made up predominantly by Latin American musicians, who accompany the 20-minute- inputs by Alberto Acosta with music from different regions of Latin America. Indigenous melodies from Bolivia are part of the program as well as afro-peruvian chansons and salsa rhythms from Cuba. 'Grupo Sal' want to convey an impression of the cultural influences on Latin America. These come from the continent itself but also from Europe and Africa due to the age-long yoke of colonialism.

Colonialism is Acostas topic as well. The concept of the 'Good Life' has its roots in the indigenous world-view of the Andes. Its peoples suffer from the Western model of development until today. The fundament was laid during the colonisation of the continent. Today, the extractivism continues as the mantra of consumption requires steady production and innovation. This is how economic growth is generated, under the precondition of natural depletion and the isolation of the individual in a society of competition.

Buen Vivir, however, is the refusal to that model of development. Harmony with humans and the nature are central values. The human being is more than a simple consumer, he/she is a social being and shapes society. Also, he/she is part of a natural equilibrium and not designated to shape nature according to his/her will.

The Yasuni-ITT- Initiative was supposed to be an expression of these ideas which are included into the Ecuadorian constitution. Contrary to the logic of the markets, the government of Ecuador offered to keep the oil in the national park under the soil in order to protect its biodiversity and the indigenous groups living there. In return they asked the international community for solidarity in the form of a fund. The project failed, also because the former German minister of development, Dirk Niebel, held back money from Germany.

Committed Ecuadorians did not want to put up with this and collected signatures in order to call for a referendum on the oil. The Yasunidos reached the quorum but the government declared the majority of sigantures invalid and applied repressive measures on the organization. Now, the group is organizing an independent referendum to put further pressure on the government and receives solidarity from all over the world.

From Dresden as well, where a small Yasunidos group has formed. They have organized this evening and explain the necessity of solidarity action, also from Germany. In the break, donations baskets are passed around, a foto of solidarity is taken outside. 'Keep the oil in the oil', one can read on the banners and 'we are all Yasunidos'. This is also Acosta's view: „we as society of human beings have to decide how we want to live together. When will we succeed in changing the world?“


More photos: http://s172.photobucket.com/user/Sukuma_arts/library/BuenVivir_AlbertoAcosta-GrupoSal-YASunidos_250415?sort=6&page=1

Help Yasunidos !

Escrito por Braulio el . Publicado en Blog (english)

Join Us at the People's Climate March!

On September 21st, hundreds of thousands of people from around the world will descend on New York City for the Peoples Climate March to call on world leaders and insist on immediate and drastic action to avoid climate catastrophe.Amazon Watch will accompany several grassroots leaders from the Amazon – including Patricia Gualinga, indigenous leader from the Kichwa community of Sarayaku in the Ecuadorian Amazon, and a group of youth representing the civil society collective, Yasunidos. We need your help to get Patricia and Yasunidos to the march and summit!We are joining thousands in NY to promote the global call to Keep the Oil in the Ground, from the Amazon to the Arctic. We will also be calling on global leaders, institutions and companies to respect the rights of indigenous peoples, who are key stewards of the environment and hold many of the keys to stopping climate change.

We can't make this happen without your support!

Please join our Cause to "Bring indigenous leaders to the People's Climate March!" on Causes.com.Share it with your friends so that together we can amplify the voices of those on the front lines of the battle for the planet.

Amazon Watch Delegation


Patricia Gualinga, Sarayaku


International Relations Director for the globally celebrated Kichwa indigenous community of Sarayaku in the heart of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Her leadership was instrumental in Sarayaku’s 2012 victory for respect for indigenous consultation at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.



Esperanza Martinez, Acción Ecológica

As a founder and current president of Acción Ecológica, the country's leading grassroots ecological organization, and Oilwatch, an international south-to-south network connecting communities affected by oil extraction, she is perhaps the most recognizable and influential environmental leader in the country.



Elena Gálvez, Yasunidos

Elena Gálvez is a Mexican historian and member of the Yasunidos collective now residing in Ecuador. She has been involved in the creation a socio-environmental reparation process as well as the drafting of historical documents to demonstrate ancestral ownership of indigenous territories and opposition to expansion of the petroleum industry in their territories.


Antonella Calle, Yasunidos

Antonella Calle is an animal rights and environmental activist and member of the Yasunidos collective since its inception. She is a founding member of the Ecuadorian delegation of the Animalist Association LIBERA!, a group committed to promoting animal rights and veganism.



Leo Cerda, Yasunidos

Leo is Kichwa and a native of the city of Tena in the Ecuadorian Amazon. He is a climate, energy and sustainability activist working to build a more just and sustainable society in Ecuador. Leo has worked for many years with local grassroots organizations creating awareness of the environmental and cultural impacts caused by the oil industry.

The Beauty and Biodiversity of The Amazon

Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)

When you think of the rainforest, you think of beautiful plants and a variety of animals. When I first stepped into the jungle, a crow greeted my group, welcoming us into its home. Being in the rainforest is like being in a whole new world. You smell the mist in the air and feel the humidity. You smell the damp ground below your feet and hear the insects flying about. There is always something interesting to see whether it be a plant, or animal. There was even a night that my group was lucky enough to see a most astounding sunset. The colors were made up of pinks, oranges and purples. The colors grew stronger as the night grew later and at some point, there was a hole in the clouds that the sun peeked through shining beautiful rays of color.

baja calidad

The Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 40,000 species of plants, 16,000 tree species, 3,100 bird species, 430 plus mammals species, 1,000 amphibians species, and 400 plus reptile species making it one the most biodiverse areas in the world. When I was in the Amazon Rainforest I felt a sense of peace because everything felt so cheerful and alive. There was an experience waiting to happen around every corner. Around one corner, there was a baby Anaconda, and around another there was a butterfly.

My group stayed at the Yasuni Ecolodge in the Amazon. It was a very enjoyable experience because everyone was so kind and caring and joyful to know that we were so interested in the place they called home. You can feel the sense of pride that these locals take in their part of the jungle. I recommend visiting the Amazon Rainforest if there is an opportunity to do so. Anticipate adventure, smiling a lot and making new friends, while learning the culture and history of this greatly biodiverse area of the world. This place is so special because it is home to so many plants, animals, and over 940,000 indigenous people alone. If we are to continue to enjoy the beauty and the diversity of this planet the Amazon should be kept free of oil exploration and pollution for years to come.

By: Madeline Hale-Mounier



Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)


Die Regierung Ecuadors hat zum nationalen Dialog aufgerufen. Ein Aufruf, der ins Leere zielte. Die sozialen Organisationen haben nach all den Jahren des Autoritarismus, der Kriminalisierung sozialer Proteste, der Missachtung individueller und kollektiver Rechte sowie des Rechts der Natur das Vertrauen verloren zu sprechen – und doch nicht gehört zu werden.

Trotz allem, jene Organisationen, die Umwelt und Natur verteidigen, sehen es als unerlässlich an, einen Dialog zwischen den Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft zu etablieren, damit daraus die Forderungen erwachsen, die vom Staat erfüllt werden sollen.

Ein nationaler Dialog sollten Themen umfassen wie die Produktionsweisen, die Natur und Umwelt schädigen, und die Vorgehensweisen, die sich in der Gesellschaft durchsetzen und die sowohl ins demokratische Leben eingreifen als auch die Verteidigung der Rechte und Freiheiten verhindern.

Sowohl das Landwirtschaftsmodell als auch der Extrativismus, die um sich greifen, haben einen tiefgehenden Einfluss auf die Souveränitäten und bedingen die Zukunft des Landes. Die Agenda der Rohstoffförderung, auch wenn sie angeblich nicht prioritär ist, wird in der Praxis vorangetrieben wie nur zu wenigen Zeitpunkten vorher in der Geschichte unseres Landes.

Eine Agenda an den Staat kann nicht verkennen, dass das Mandat im Bereich Bergbau niemals umgesetzt wurde und dass der Weg in die postfossile Wirtschaft nur über das Bremsen der Erdölfront gelingt – umso mehr wenn es Zonen wie den Yasuni gibt, wo der Preis nicht nur die Zerstörung der Zone mit der größten Biodiversität im Land und auf der Welt ist, sondern auch die Vernichtung der Völker in freiwilliger Isolation.

Wir müssen darüber nachdenken, was wir als Gesellschaft wollen, wie wir unabhängig werden von einer Rentenwirtschaft, die auf Erdölförderung und Mineralabbau basiert und Akkumulation, Enteignung, Naturzerstörung und Gewalt provoziert.

Mit dem angestoßenen Agrarmodell verwandeln sich kleinbäuerliche Flächen in Gebiete für Agrarexport und Agroindustrie. Es ist inakzeptabel, dass sich Zonen, die für die Produktion von Lebensmitteln genutzt wurden, in Zuckerrohr- und Palmölplantagen verwandeln. Ebenfalls inakzeptabel ist der Eingriff in natürliche Ökosysteme mit dem gleichen Ziel. Noch schlimmer ist, dass sich derselbe Staat einerseits frei von genetisch modifizierten Organismen erklärt, aber gleichzeitig, unter Bruch der Verfassung, Regeln und Anreize für die wissenschaftliche Forschung in diesem Feld entwickelt.

Seit jeher haben wir, als Organisationen dieses Landes, uns gegen Freihandelsabkommen mit Industriemächten gestellt, weil diese Bedingungen der Unterordnung umfassen. Nun stehen wir kurz davor, dass das Freihandelsabkommen mit der Europäischen Union in Kraft tritt, mit unheilvollen Effekten, die bereits aus anderen Ländern bekannt sind. Und das alles, obwohl die Verfassung vorschreibt, dass keine Verträge unterzeichnet werden, die Einfluss nehmen auf Gesundheit, Souveränität und die Rechte der Natur. Die Europäische Union wird den ecuadorianischen Markt mit subventionierten Produkten überschwemmen. Tausende kleinbäuerliche Familien werden die Folgen spüren und profitieren werden die mächtigen europäischen und nationalen Unternehmensgruppen.

Der Dialog sollte in der Bürgerschaft stattfinden, damit Vorschläge erwachsen können, wie wir Ernährungssouveränität schaffen, wie wir die kleinbäuerliche Produktion sichern, wie wir ökologischen Anbau stärken, wie wir die Agrarbiodiversität, Wälder, Mangroven, Wasser und das Meer bewahren können, welche Art der Energieversorgung wir wollen und wofür, und in welcher Art Stadt wir leben wollen.

All dies sind zentrale Themen für den Dialog in der Gesellschaft. Und, selbstverständlich auch, wie wir diese Themen gegenüber dem Staat positionieren.

Es ist unumgänglich, auch über die Verfahren zu reden, mit denen diese Modelle entstehen und sich umsetzen. Um die Umweltrechte zu garantieren und auszuführen, muss die Unabhängigkeit der staatlichen Funktionen wiederhergestellt werden, muss das Bestreben gebremst werden, antidemokratische Verfassungsänderungen und verfassungswidrige Gesetze zu verabschieden, müssen die Funktionen jener Institutionen wiedererlangt werden, die der Gesellschaft ermöglichten, ihren Forderungen an den Staat Ausdruck zu verleihen: die Ombudsstelle, der Rechnungshof und seine Funktion im Umweltbereich, die Möglichkeit, Umweltverträglichkeitsstudien und Umweltgenehmigungen einzusehen, sowie die Möglichkeit, Schutzklagen bei den Gerichten einzureichen, ohne dass diese zuvor zensiert werden, muss das Recht der Organisationsfreiheit unabhängig vom Staat (heute eingeschränkt durch das Dekret 16) wiederhergestellt werden und muss das Anhörungsrecht der Gemeinden bei Entscheidungen über ihr Gebiet und der Bürgerschaft bei Themen, die unsere Umwelt- und Naturrechte verletzen, beibehalten werden.

Das Wirtschaftsmodell der Anhäufung von Reichtum und die Politiken, die sich durchgesetzt haben, zerstören das Leben und schädigen die Territorien. Das Leben hängt von der Natur und unseren Tätigkeiten ab. Die Bewahrung des Lebens, der verletzlichen Lebewesen und der Beziehungen in unserer Gesellschaft ist zum allergrößten Teil den Frauen zugefallen, die so am meisten unter diesen Aggressionen leiden.

Die Verteidigung der Natur und der Umwelt ist zentral bei der Auseinandersetzung mit den großen Problemen von sozialer Ungerechtigkeit, Ungleichheit oder Armut und ihre Achtung und Respektierung sind eine Bedingung, um diese Probleme zu überwinden.

Aus den sozialen Organisationen, aus den sozialen Bewegungen, aus den organisierten Kollektiven heraus kommen und kamen innovative Vorschläge zur Veränderung, zur Verteidigung der Souveränitäten, der Freiheiten und der Rechte, ebenso wie die Strategien, um die staatlichen Ansinnen (eines patriarchalen Staates) einzudämmen, Bedingungen zu schaffen, die ausschließlich die Gruppen der Macht und des Kapitals begünstigen.

Aufgrund all des Dargestellten fordern wir das Recht der Bevölkerung zu demonstrieren, ihre Organisationsformen auszuüben und sich durch soziale Mobilisierung auszudrücken als ein legitimes Mittel, um tiefgehende und demokratische Änderungen in der Gesellschaft zu erreichen.

Die Umweltbewegung unterstützt und ist Teil des großen Aufrufs zur sozialen Mobilisierung, die Ideen, Träume und Vorschläge umfassen sollte.

Quito, 26. Juli 2015






It’s Not Them, It’s Us – Unadaptable to Climate Change

Escrito por Anto Calle el . Publicado en Blog (english)




22 years ago on this very continent was brought to the negotiating table the crisis of climate change. Many evasive proposals, claims to turn the crisis into an opportunity for business, denials, omissions and grand tragedies embody the climate crisis in the territories. A balance of 22 years of indifference and cynicism.

Governments and transnational interests continue to invest in the destruction of forests, rivers, oceans, jungles, mashlands, mountains and deserts; living spaces that end up being sacrificed in the name of "development" and "progress".

In these 22 years, we are far from believing that the solution will come from governments; that the market will contribute to environmental conservation, or that the commodification of nature will protect the climate.

Our view is the way of indigenous communities that have known to preserved ecosystems, in farming communities who struggle to protect their lands, in women who work caringly in the rivers, in the children that keep alive their capacity of fascination with nature, and in the inhabitants of large cities who know that they have been robbed from nature since birth. Our guardians.

Us, the very ones who we are, have come here to convince you (and convince ourselves of the certainty that the world we want already exists), as there are colors of the earth, the suns that shine us, and the ways of our guardians that defend the territories around the globe.

This is why we call to find ourselves on the road to the COP20, to join our histories, our views, and our ways that demand climate justice under these guiding principles:

  1. Maintain the fossil fuels underground is not only a priority to halting environmental devastation, but to end one of the evils that has so hurt and changed the pace of the climate in very few decades.

  2. Ban the financialization of forests and the commodification of the functions of nature, as they are not a solutions to reduce emissions of carbon gases into the atmosphere; strategies which represent false solutions that have increased the destruction of ecosystems, the breakdown of communitarian social fabric and organization.

  3. Water, as a common good can no longer be conceived as a commodity. Dams and hydroelectric dams are part of the mining and energy industries. The production of hydroelectric power is what keeps widening the gap of environmental devastation.

The aggressiveness with which the occupation of territories intends to expand itself does not depend on the political color of governments, but rather is linked to the perpetuation of the capitalist system under the same logic of accumulation at the expense of nature and communities.

Therefore, it becomes more urgent to find one another, Us ~ Nosotros.

They are the ones who will find the solutions- It’s us, the unadaptaded, the unadaptable climate change- It is us that can and must contain the war against nature.


Verdict of the Rights of Nature Ethics Tribunal, Yasuni Case August 15, 2014

Escrito por Braulio el . Publicado en Blog (english)


Logo tribunal eiticoING

Verdict of the Rights of Nature Ethics Tribunal, Yasuni Case August 15, 2014


Whereas the rights of the Earth are recognized by the Ecuadorian Constitution and internationally; whereas Mother Earth must be protected by her children; whereas we are a part of Nature, we are Nature; whereas the non-contacted people must be respected by the Ecuadorian, the Colombian, and all international governments, for they have the collective right to life; whereas the Earth belongs to no one but we belong to the Earth, therefore, we have reached the following verdict:

The Special Court for Yasuní, established by the Rights of Nature Ethical Tribunal, met today, Friday, August 15th, 2014, one year after the declaration of the President of Ecuador to make way for the exploitation of the ITT block in the Yasuni National Park, hence ending the Yasuní-ITT Initiative.

This Special Chamber met, following the provisions of the Court established in Quito on January 17th, 2014, chaired by Vandana Shiva, and the Special Chamber of the Court for the Yasuní case gathered on April 11th, 2014, chaired by Boaventura de Sousa Santos, who ordered the creation of a special Committee to permanently monitor the implementation of the judgment.

The Special Tribunal’s Chamber for Yasuní, developed on Friday August 15th was chaired by George Caffentzis from USA, and was formed by the following international judges: Terisa Turner from Canada; Clemente Bautista from the Philippines; and Lorenzo Muelas from the Pueblo Misak of Colombia. On behalf of Ecuador were: Alberto Acosta; Blanca Chancoso; Julio Cesar Trujillo; Elsie Monge and María Paula Romo. The Prosecutor of the Tribunal, as on past occasions, was Santamaria Ramiro Avila.

After four months since the last Tribunal’s Chamber, many events have happened, and therefore this hearing seeks to answer the question, what happened to the Yasuní and who is responsible for what happened?

The Tribunal speaks on behalf and from the skin of the pink dolphins, the howler monkeys, from the skin of free peoples in voluntary isolation, from the shoes of Yasunidos, all, threatened by oil exploitation and destruction of life in Yasuni. The Tribunal speaks on behalf of all those who defend life and democracy.

   1. Violation of the Rights of Nature

The Ecuadorian constitution offers the world a new paradigm by recognizing Nature as a subject of rights. The case of the protection of the Yasuni National Park has tested the commitment and strength of that statement:

Nature or Pacha Mama, where life is reproduced, has the right to the full respect of its existence and the maintenance and regeneration of its vital cycles, structures, functions and evolutionary processes. [cite source in full please]

From this constitutional mandate, privileging oil exploration versus the preservation of the most biodiverse area of ​​the planet is a clear violation of the Rights of Nature and it has been perpetrated by those who had the obligation to comply with and enforce the Constitution: the Ecuadorian State.

The Tribunal therefore requires the Ecuadorian government to resume and strengthen the initiative to keep the oil in the Yasuní Park permanently underground, and thus respect and ensure the Rights of Nature.

This Tribunal believes it is also vital to universalize the Rights of Nature like what has happened to Human Rights.

   2. Violation of the rights of peoples in voluntary isolation

 Whereas there can be no extractive activities in places where there are people in voluntary isolation, as provided in Article 57 of the Constitution, the Ecuadorian government and the National Assembly violated the rights to life and self-determination of the peoples, by requesting and authorizing oil exploration in areas inhabited by indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation.

The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Environment are also directly responsible for the arbitrary modification of the maps on the existence of peoples in voluntary isolation in the ITT and in Block 31, failing in their role as guarantors of the rights of indigenous peoples.

Also, the authorization granted by the National Assembly for extractive activities conducted in the area of ​​Yasuní-ITT should be declared invalid because it was recorded on the basis of false information, as has been shown to the Tribunal, such as the statement of the 1 x 1000 impact. [add one sentence explaining what this is please]

   3. Violation of the Right to effective judicial protection and legal certainty

The Constitutional Court had the constitutional and legal obligation to decree by a ruling of constitutionality about the question for the referendum presented by the Yasunidos collective. By avoiding this responsibility, and retaining to pronounce until post signature verification time, the Constitutional Court acted without legal justification and in bad faith and violated Yasunidos right to legal certainty and effective remedy.

The National Electoral Council failed in its role as guarantor and promoter of democratic participation. It violated the constitutional provision of making justice prevail over formalities (Article 169). And it became part and parcel of a process that demands transparency and impartiality.

The Electoral Tribunal was the national-level entity called to review the possible violations or irregularities in the proceedings before the National Electoral Council; by rejecting the Yasunidos appeal, it prevented their right to revise a decision affecting their rights. The Tribunal used the declaration of electoral period as a mechanism to restrict the right of Yasunidos [ replace with to] of access to justice, which is even worse considering that its decision is their last legal resource; hence hisxxx? refusal violated the right of access to effective judicial protection.

The Tribunal demands the National Electoral Council to audit its databases, software and process used during the signature verification period, so that legitimate doubts hanging over this process, grounded in the findings of the Academic and Independent Verification Commission are resolved.

4. Violation of the rights of political participation 

The National Electoral Council violated the rights to political participation of hundreds of thousands of Ecuadorians who expressed, through their signatures, their will to convene a referendum that could decide upon the conservation or not of the Yasuni National Park, its mega biodiversity, and the future of the indigenous people in voluntary isolation.For, on the basis of the evidence we have received, we conclude that a significant number of signatures for the referendum were not disqualified due to clerical error, but were improperly disqualified with fraudulent intent.

The National Electoral Council (CNE) produced and broadcasted disqualification messages, not only about the Yasunidos’ arguments, but [replace with also about] to them individually and collectively. It questioned its intention, and questioned their right to participate in this initiative because of having some kind of association or political affiliation. By discrediting and harassing Yasunidos, CNE violated their right to participate in public affairs and to participate in political decisions.

Proceedings of the National Electoral Council have not only affected the political rights of those who participated in various ways in the process of defending Nature, but to all of those who have received a message of intimidation and demobilization. Therefore this Tribunal points to the electoral authorities its mission to promote and strengthen all forms of democratic participation.

Declarations and final recommendations:

It is necessary to establish the responsibilities of the Ecuadorian government and other governments, as well as private and state enterprises that finance predation of Nature and the violation of the rights of the peoples.

This Tribunal demands the State Institutions to fulfill its mission of ensuring the rights of individuals, of the peoples and of nature. In particular, to the Constitutional Court, the Tribunal demands it to avoid further restrictions on rights, such as the proposed constitutional amendments proposed by the Executive in these days, [say the date please]  which will prevent direct democracy initiatives like the one promoted by the Yasunidos to be repeated.

Declares its admiration and congratulations to the Yasunidos collective activity in defense of nature and in exercise of direct democracy; and reaffirms its support for this and new initiatives.

Likewise it demands an end to the harassment against them and the exercise of freedom of expression, mobilization, and all forms of participation in matters of national interest is protected.

The Tribunal invites all state actors to perform an exercise of transparency of information used in this process, accounts and reports, and to ensure the direct access of citizens to the territory of Yasuní to verify what really happens there.

This Tribunal agrees to support national
and international actions taken to protect the rights and to achieve punishment of violations described herein. The Government of Ecuador, as stated in its Constitution, must honor and enforce the international agreements it has ratified, including the International Labor Organization’s Convention169 that guarantees to indigenous peoples the continued access to and use of their ecological environment on which they depend for their sustenance and the continuation of their culture.

The Tribunal is aware of the significance of the Rights of Nature and Human Rights and hence reaffirms its commitment to defending Yasuni, as a space of life, example and a paradigm that shows that another world is possible, provided that dignified life for all human beings and nature is respected since we are part of Nature.